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Divisions > Student, Family, and School Support > Student Services and Alternative Programs > Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports
Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports

Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS)

PBIS Framework

PBIS Implementation Process

Standards and Protocol

Schoolwide Evaluation Tool

Implementation Phase Inventory

Benchmarks of Quality

PBIS Maryland is a collaborative effort between the Maryland State Department of Education, Sheppard Pratt Health System, the Johns Hopkins University; Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence, and 24 Local Maryland School Systems. Nationally there are over 20,110 schools in 44 states implementing universal, school-wide PBIS. PBIS Maryland celebrated 15 years of training and implementation in 2014 and has provided training in school-wide PBIS to 1,040 public, alternative, and non-public schools across all 24 Local School Systems in Maryland.

School Logos

PBIS Chart

Throughout those years, an infrastructure has been established for training, implementation and coaching of best practices which includes: annual training calendar, PBISMaryland.org, data collection capacity, PBIS Coaching structure, technical assistance to LSSs, and a Management Team and State Leadership Team who meet regularly. Efforts are currently underway to bridge students' transition from early childhood programs, which are implementing Social Emotional Foundations for Early Learning (SEFEL), to PBIS schools.

PBIS is a decision making framework that guides the selection, integration, and implementation of evidence-based academic and behavioral practices for improving outcomes for all students to meet the Maryland College and Career Ready Standards.  It offers systems for schools to design, implement, and evaluate effective school-wide, classroom, non-classroom, and student-specific discipline plans. When implemented with fidelity school-wide, universal PBIS aims to reduce disruptive behavior problems, enhance school climate and create safer, more effective schools for ALL students. This is accomplished by targeting staff behavior and teaching students agreed upon behavioral expectations while promoting a shift from reactive, punitive practices to prevention and the promotion of positive behavior. 

Based on the Public Health approach, PBIS is a three-tiered model which follows the public health approach to prevention by providing more intensive supports for students not responding adequately to a universal system of support.  The PBIS Framework consists of  four integrated elements: (a) data to support decision-making; (b) measurable outcomes supported and evaluated by data; (c) practices which provide evidence that outcomes are achievable and support students and staff, and; (d) systems that efficiently and effective support implementation of these practices. (PBIS Implementation Process).

The National Technical Assistance Center (www.pbis.org) on Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) has provided guidance in the areas of statewide implementation; building district capacity, curriculum development for training and linkage to other education initiatives at the federal level.  The Center is funded by the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP), United States Department of Education (USDE) to provide states, districts and schools with capacity-building information and technical assistance for identifying, adapting, and sustaining effective school-wide disciplinary practices.

PBIS Maryland Local Point(s) of Contact

PBIS FrameworkPBIS Implementation

Contact Information
Andrea L. Alexander, LCPC, Specialist
School Climate Initiatives
PBIS State Coordinator
Division of Student Family and School Support
Maryland State Department of Education
200 West Baltimore Street
Baltimore, MD 21201
Phone:  410-767-0318
Fax:  410-752-0281
Email:  Andrea.Alexander@maryland.gov


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